An Ideal Alternative

Allergy

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There are several lines of evidence that the strength and type of the immune response to goat and cow milk might differ. For example, children allergic to cow milk required nearly five times more goat milk to trigger an adverse reaction. 1 In another study, 25% of children allergic to cow milk did not react to goat milk at all. 2 Children with allergy to cow milk proteins had a lower response to goat milk containing low amounts of αs1-casein. 3 Similarly, studies with animals have also shown that lower levels of αs1-casein in goat milk resulted in fewer allergic reactions.

4However, scientific studies show that goat milk is not always an effective substitute for cow milk in children who are already sensitised to cow milk protein and have a rapid onset, IgE-mediated reaction to cow milk proteins. Only extensively hydrolysed formulas should be used for the dietary management of infants with diagnosed cow milk protein allergy. 5

allergic
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Latctose Intolerance

Goat milk contains lactose just like cow milk. There is no difference so it is unlikely that the lactose in goat milk will help directly with lactose intolerance.

However, other factors may play a role in this. For example goat milk contains oligosaccharides similar in structure to human milk oligosaccharides. 1 Oligosaccharide concentrations in goat milk from New Zealand are approximately 10 times higher than cow milk. 2 These oligosaccharides may influence how lactose is metabolised.

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Intestinal permeability and
inflammation

Studies show that goat milk reduces intestinal permeability8 and intestinal inflammation.9Other studies show that oligosaccharides extracted from goat milk reduced symptoms of colitis10 and supported the growth of Bifidobacteria isolated from breast fed infants.11
To date, these outcomes have only been demonstrated in laboratory studies and need to be investigated clinically. However, there was a closer similarity in fecal microbiota between goat formula and breast fed infants than breast milk and cow formula.12
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1 AAP 2000; Koletzko et al, 2012
2 Bellioni-Businco et al 1999
3 Infante et al 2003
4 Ballabio et al, 2011; Albenzio et al 2012; Lisson et al 2014
5 Bevilacqua et al 2001; Hodgkinson et al 2012
6 Martinez-Ferez et al. 2006; Meyrand et al 2013; Kiskini and Difilippo, 2013; Thum et al 2015
7 Thum et al 2015; Martinez-Ferez et al. 2006; Meyrand et al 2013; Kiskini and Difilippo, 2013
8 Prosser et al., 2004 
9 de Assis et al, 2016 
10 Daddaoua et al., 2006; Lara-Villoslada et al., 2006 
11 Thum et al, 2016 
12 Tannock, Lawley et al., 2013 

Allergy

There are several lines of evidence that the strength and type of the immune response to goat and cow milk might differ. For example, children allergic to cow milk required nearly five times more goat milk to trigger an adverse reaction. 1 In another study, 25% of children allergic to cow milk did not react to goat milk at all. 2 Children with allergy to cow milk proteins had a lower response to goat milk containing low amounts of αs1-casein. 3 Similarly, studies with animals have also shown that lower levels of αs1-casein in goat milk resulted in fewer allergic reactions.

4However, scientific studies show that goat milk is not always an effective substitute for cow milk in children who are already sensitised to cow milk protein and have a rapid onset, IgE-mediated reaction to cow milk proteins. Only extensively hydrolysed formulas should be used for the dietary management of infants with diagnosed cow milk protein allergy. 5

iGg5kMoF (1)
allergic

Allergy

There are several lines of evidence that the strength and type of the immune response to goat and cow milk might differ. For example, children allergic to cow milk required nearly five times more goat milk to trigger an adverse reaction. 1 In another study, 25% of children allergic to cow milk did not react to goat milk at all. 2 Children with allergy to cow milk proteins had a lower response to goat milk containing low amounts of αs1-casein. 3 Similarly, studies with animals have also shown that lower levels of αs1-casein in goat milk resulted in fewer allergic reactions.

4However, scientific studies show that goat milk is not always an effective substitute for cow milk in children who are already sensitised to cow milk protein and have a rapid onset, IgE-mediated reaction to cow milk proteins. Only extensively hydrolysed formulas should be used for the dietary management of infants with diagnosed cow milk protein allergy. 5

References

1 AAP 2000; Koletzko et al, 2012
2 Bellioni-Businco et al 1999
3 Infante et al 2003
4 Ballabio et al, 2011; Albenzio et al 2012; Lisson et al 2014
5 Bevilacqua et al 2001; Hodgkinson et al 2012
allergic
DGC-Website_Tables_Graphs_Diagram_OLIGOSACCHARIDES

Latctose Intolerance

Goat milk contains lactose just like cow milk. There is no difference so it is unlikely that the lactose in goat milk will help directly with lactose intolerance.

However, other factors may play a role in this. For example goat milk contains oligosaccharides similar in structure to human milk oligosaccharides. 1 Oligosaccharide concentrations in goat milk from New Zealand are approximately 10 times higher than cow milk. 2 These oligosaccharides may influence how lactose is metabolised.

References

1 Martinez-Ferez et al. 2006; Meyrand et al 2013; Kiskini and Difilippo, 2013; Thum et al 2015
2 Thum et al 2015; Martinez-Ferez et al. 2006; Meyrand et al 2013; Kiskini and Difilippo, 2013

Intestinal permeability and inflammation​

  • Studies show that goat milk reduces intestinal permeability1 and intestinal inflammation.2Other studies show that oligosaccharides extracted from goat milk reduced symptoms of colitis3 and supported the growth of Bifidobacteria isolated from breast fed infants.4
  • To date, these outcomes have only been demonstrated in laboratory studies and need to be investigated clinically. However, there was a closer similarity in fecal microbiota between goat formula and breast fed infants than breast milk and cow formula.5

References

Prosser et al., 2004 
de Assis et al, 2016 
Daddaoua et al., 2006; Lara-Villoslada et al., 2006 
Thum et al, 2016 
Tannock, Lawley et al., 2013 
DGC-Website_Tables_Graphs_Diagram_GUT-MICROFLORA

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